Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of TracReports


Ignore:
Timestamp:
2015-03-21T12:46:07Z (5 years ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

--

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  • TracReports

    v3 v4  
    1717  ''This will make the query module the default handler for the “View Tickets” navigation item. We encourage you to try this configuration and report back what kind of features of reports you are missing, if any.''
    1818
    19 
    2019A report consists of these basic parts:
    2120 * '''ID''' — Unique (sequential) identifier
     
    3130
    3231== Changing Report Numbering ==
    33 There may be instances where you need to change the ID of the report, perhaps to organize the reports better. At present this requires changes to the trac database. The ''report'' table has the following schema ''(since 0.10)'':
     32There may be instances where you need to change the ID of the report, perhaps to organize the reports better. At present this requires changes to the trac database. The ''report'' table has the following schema:
    3433 * id integer PRIMARY KEY
    3534 * author text
     
    4847Clicking on one of the report results will take you to that ticket. You can navigate through the results by clicking the ''Next Ticket'' or ''Previous Ticket'' links just below the main menu bar, or click the ''Back to Report'' link to return to the report page.
    4948
    50 You can safely edit any of the tickets and continue to navigate through the results using the ''!Next/Previous/Back to Report'' links after saving your results, but when you return to the report, there will be no hint about what has changed, as would happen if you were navigating a list of tickets obtained from a query (see TracQuery#NavigatingTickets). ''(since 0.11)''
     49You can safely edit any of the tickets and continue to navigate through the results using the ''!Next/Previous/Back to Report'' links after saving your results, but when you return to the report, there will be no hint about what has changed, as would happen if you were navigating a list of tickets obtained from a query (see TracQuery#NavigatingTickets).
    5150
    5251== Alternative Download Formats ==
     
    7069
    7170''Creating a custom report requires a comfortable knowledge of SQL.''
     71
     72'''Note that you need to set up [TracPermissions#Reports permissions] in order to see the buttons for adding or editing reports.'''
    7273
    7374A report is basically a single named SQL query, executed and presented by
     
    108109}}}
    109110
    110 ---
    111111
    112112== Advanced Reports: Dynamic Variables ==
     
    147147}}}
    148148
    149 
    150 ----
    151149
    152150
     
    156154specialized SQL statements to control the output of the Trac report engine.
    157155
    158 == Special Columns ==
     156=== Special Columns ===
    159157To format reports, TracReports looks for 'magic' column names in the query
    160158result. These 'magic' names are processed and affect the layout and style of the
     
    165163 * '''id''' — same as '''ticket''' above when '''realm''' is not set
    166164 * '''realm''' — together with '''id''', can be used to create links to other resources than tickets (e.g. a realm of ''wiki'' and an ''id'' to a page name will create a link to that wiki page)
     165   - for some kind of resources, it may be necessary to specify their ''parent'' resources (e.g. for ''changeset'', which ''repos'') and this can be achieved using the '''parent_realm''' and '''parent_id''' columns
    167166 * '''created, modified, date, time''' — Format cell as a date and/or time.
    168167 * '''description''' — Ticket description field, parsed through the wiki engine.
     
    194193</div>
    195194}}}
    196  * '''`__style__`''' — A custom CSS style expression to use for the current row.
     195 * '''`__style__`''' — A custom CSS style expression to use on the `<tr>` element of the current row.
     196 * '''`__class__`''' — Zero or more space-separated CSS class names to be set on the `<tr>` element of the current row. These classes are added to the class name derived from `__color__` and the odd / even indicator.
    197197
    198198'''Example:''' ''List active tickets, grouped by milestone, group header linked to milestone page, colored by priority''
     
    245245=== Reporting on custom fields ===
    246246
    247 If you have added custom fields to your tickets (a feature since v0.8, see TracTicketsCustomFields), you can write a SQL query to cover them. You'll need to make a join on the ticket_custom table, but this isn't especially easy.
     247If you have added custom fields to your tickets (see TracTicketsCustomFields), you can write a SQL query to cover them. You'll need to make a join on the ticket_custom table, but this isn't especially easy.
    248248
    249249If you have tickets in the database ''before'' you declare the extra fields in trac.ini, there will be no associated data in the ticket_custom table. To get around this, use SQL's "LEFT OUTER JOIN" clauses. See [trac:TracIniReportCustomFieldSample TracIniReportCustomFieldSample] for some examples.
    250250
    251 '''Note that you need to set up permissions in order to see the buttons for adding or editing reports.'''
     251=== A note about SQL rewriting #rewriting
     252
     253Beyond the relatively trivial replacement of dynamic variables, the SQL query is also altered in order to support two features of the reports:
     254 1. [#sort-order changing the sort order]
     255 2. pagination support (limitation of the number of result rows displayed on each page)
     256In order to support the first feature, the sort column is inserted in the `ORDER BY` clause in the first position or in the second position if a `__group__` column is specified (an `ORDER BY` clause is created if needed). In order to support pagination, a `LIMIT ... OFFSET ...` clause is appended.
     257The query might be too complex for the automatic rewrite to work correctly, resulting in an erroneous query. In this case you still have the possibility to control exactly how the rewrite is done by manually inserting the following tokens:
     258 - `@SORT_COLUMN@`, the place where the name of the selected sort column will be inserted,
     259 - `@LIMIT_OFFSET@`, the place where the pagination support clause will be added
     260Note that if you write them after an SQL comment, `--`, you'll effectively disable rewriting if this is what you want!
     261
     262Let's take an example, consider the following SQL query:
     263{{{
     264-- ## 4: Assigned, Active Tickets by Owner ## --
     265
     266--
     267-- List assigned tickets, group by ticket owner, sorted by priority.
     268--
     269
     270SELECT p.value AS __color__,
     271   owner AS __group__,
     272   id AS ticket, summary, component, milestone, t.type AS type, severity, time AS created,
     273   changetime AS _changetime, description AS _description,
     274   reporter AS _reporter
     275  FROM ticket t,enum p
     276  WHERE status = 'assigned'
     277AND p.name=t.priority AND p.type='priority'
     278  ORDER BY __group__, p.value, severity, time
     279}}}
     280
     281The automatic rewrite will be the following (4 rows per page, page 2, sorted by `component`):
     282{{{
     283SELECT p.value AS __color__,
     284   owner AS __group__,
     285   id AS ticket, summary, component, milestone, t.type AS type, severity, time AS created,
     286   changetime AS _changetime, description AS _description,
     287   reporter AS _reporter
     288  FROM ticket t,enum p
     289  WHERE status = 'assigned'
     290AND p.name=t.priority AND p.type='priority'
     291  ORDER BY __group__ ASC, `component` ASC,  __group__, p.value, severity, time
     292 LIMIT 4 OFFSET 4
     293}}}
     294
     295The equivalent SQL query with the rewrite tokens would have been:
     296{{{
     297SELECT p.value AS __color__,
     298   owner AS __group__,
     299   id AS ticket, summary, component, milestone, t.type AS type, severity, time AS created,
     300   changetime AS _changetime, description AS _description,
     301   reporter AS _reporter
     302  FROM ticket t,enum p
     303  WHERE status = 'assigned'
     304AND p.name=t.priority AND p.type='priority'
     305  ORDER BY __group__, @SORT_COLUMN@, p.value, severity, time
     306@LIMIT_OFFSET@
     307}}}
     308
     309If you want to always sort first by priority and only then by the user selected sort column, simply use the following `ORDER BY` clause:
     310{{{
     311  ORDER BY __group__, p.value, @SORT_COLUMN@, severity, time
     312}}}
    252313
    253314----